Instructions to the Authors

Focus & Scope | Criteria for publication | Archiving Policy | Indexing Information | Journal Ethics |Open Access Publication and Creative Commons Licensing | Ahead of Print | Submission Guide | Sample of Reviewer Guide |Author Guidelines | Disclaimer

Focus and Scope

Archives of Medicine and Health Review (AMHR) is an academic journal that is expected to publish original research, short reports, case reports and picture stories, current practice, medical education, reviews and meta-analyses, editorial commentaries and correspondence. Articles are expected to cover studies in the fields of medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics and child health, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, radiology, dentistry, radiotherapy, community medicine, psychiatry, laboratory medicine, physiotherapy, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, psychology of health, to mention just a few. The journal also publishes the reports from conferences and workshops organized by the Nigerian Medical Association, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria and any other reputable associations or organizations related to human health.

The ISSN number for the print and on-line version of the journal will soon become available.

Copyright Information
Copyright on any research article in the Archives of Medicine and Health Review is retained by the author(s).

The authors grant the Archives of Medicine and Health Review a licence to publish the article and to identify itself as the original publisher.

The journal will also be  licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This licence permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Criteria for Publication

  1. The report presents the results of primary scientific research.
  2. Results reported have not been published (except as abstracts in conferences) nor submitted for publication in another journal.
  3. Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.
  4. Conclusions are supported by the logical interpretation of analyzed data.
  5. The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in English which could be British or American, provided it is consistent in the narration.
  6. The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.

Cover letter

This should certify that the contents have not been published elsewhere and the paper is not being submitted elsewhere. It should acknowledge any potential conflict of interest and bring to the notice of the editors any possible overlap with prior publications. In papers with more than one author, a brief statement regarding the contribution of each author to the work reported should be included. In general, it should state why the article is suitable for and should be published in the journal.

Archiving Policy

This journal is available for LOCKSS harvesting, to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.

Indexing Information

The editorial board of the journal is working assiduously to ensure that the journal is indexed in reputable indexing sites, such as the Index Medicus, MedLine, PubMed, DOAJ, Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics Journal Seek, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Open J Gate, Primo Central, Pro Quest, SCOLOAR, Google and Google Scholar.

Journal Ethics

The journal agrees with associations interested in maintaining the quality of a medical journal, including the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). AMHR takes exception to unethical practices as it relates to duplicate publications, falsification of data, fabrication of data, plagiarism, gift authorship, not obtaining written informed consents from patients, not obtaining permission from Ethical Committee before studies involving humans are conducted, deliberate application of inappropriate statistical techniques to enhance the significance of research, deliberate neglect of negative findings, deviating from the research protocol approved by the Institutional Ethical Committee, not declaring conflicts of interests when they exist, to mention just a few.

Ahead of Print policy

Articles published online under the Ahead of Print are considered published and can be cited and quoted using the DOI as the reference source. Changes will no longer be permitted after the publication of such article.
Information To Authors 


Manuscript is to be submitted by the corresponding author

Manuscript should be submitted electronically at the manuscript management system online at The manuscript should be organized under the following sections: Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgement and References. Tables and Figures should be embedded at the appropriate places in the body of the manuscript. Variations may exist from this outline as regards to articles as medical education, reports of workshops or conferences, reviews and meta-analyses, editorials, and commentaries. Abstracts should be structured as follows: Title, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusions.

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online Manuscript Tracking System (MTS). Only electronic Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) files can be submitted through the MTS. The font and size should be Times New Roman Font size 12. Submissions by anyone other than the corresponding author will not be accepted. The corresponding author is also responsible for the manuscript during the peer review process. 

Terms of Submission

Manuscripts are submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and are not currently being considered by another journal. Manuscripts can be submitted even when abstract from such paper has been presented at conferences and workshops. The submitting/corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the article’s publication has been approved by all the other co-authors. The journal reserves the right to edit a manuscript to conform with its styles and word counts. All inquiries concerning the publication of accepted papers should be addressed to the editorial office. AMHR takes no responsibilities on legal disputes between and among co-authors.

Editorial/Peer Review

The journal’s editors review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal review. Manuscript will be considered for peer- review provided that it is methodologically sound, is of high ethical standards and conclusions therein are based on logical interpretation of the statistical analyses of data. Manuscripts that are found suitable for publication are sent to two or more expert reviewers. The editors ensure that the reviewers are not affiliated with the same institutes as the author(s). However, the selection of these reviewers is at the sole discretion of the editors. The journal follows a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity. Every manuscript is also assigned to a member of the editorial team, who based on the comments from the reviewers takes a final decision on the manuscript. The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author. If required, the author is requested to provide a point by point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript.
A sample of how assessment will be done by the reviewer(s) is also attached herewith. Author(s) will find that information valuable.
Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three days. It may not be possible to incorporate corrections received after that period. The whole process of submission of the manuscript to the final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online.

Article Processing Charges

Archives of Medicine and Health Review is an open access journal. Open access charges allow publishers to make the published material available for free to all interested online visitors.

Units of Measurement and Abbreviations

All measurements must be in SI units apart from blood pressure measurements, which should be in mm Hg. Drug dosages should be in metric units. Abbreviations should be in parenthesis preceded by words in full at the first appearance in the text. Subsequently the abbreviation could be used. Generic names should be used for drugs and if necessary, the brand name may follow in brackets.

Organization of manuscript

Title page

The title, authors, and affiliations should all be included on a title page as the first page of the manuscript file. The title page should include the following:

Type of article

Paper title

Full author names

Full institutional mailing addresses

Email addresses

Authors contribution details (see section on “Authorship criteria”)


The Abstract comes after the title page in the manuscript file.

The Abstract should be structured as follows: Title, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusions. It should not exceed 300 words. Citations should not be included in the abstract. Any abbreviated words should be written in full meanings at the first usage. Authors should provide a few key words or phrases for the index at the foot of the abstract. The key words should be separated by commas (,).


The introduction should provide background information that puts the manuscript into context and allows readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study. It should summarize the problem addressed and why it is important. A brief review of the key literature and  any relevant controversies or disagreements in the field are acknowledged. The concluding paragraph gives a brief statement of the overall aim or hypothesis of the work, and a comment about whether that aim was achieved and/or the hypothesis confirmed or disapproved.

Materials and Methods

This section must start with a statement stating clearly that the permission to conduct the research was obtained from the Institution Ethical Committee and, where applicable, informed written consent was also obtained in researches involving humans (see additional note on “Ethical Guidelines” section). This section should provide enough detail to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate the study. Specific information and/or protocols for new methods should be included in detail. If materials, methods, and protocols are well established, authors may cite articles where those protocols are described in detail, but the submission should include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.

Results, Discussion, Conclusions

These sections will all be separate. Together, these sections should describe the results of the experiments, the interpretation of these results, and the conclusions that can be drawn. Authors should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research.


Those who contributed to the work but do not meet authorship criteria (see the section on “Authorship criteria”) should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named.

All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references, and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.


Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references must be numbered consecutively and citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by Oyebode [9]”; “as discussed elsewhere [9, 10]”). All references should be cited within the text. A sample of how references should be done is as follows:

List all authors when six or fewer; when seven or more, list first six and add et al
Standard article:

Vijayashree MS, Viswanatha B, Sambamurthy BN. Clinical and Bacteriological Study of Acute Tonsillitis. IOSR-JDMS 2014; 13(1): 37-43.

Osazuwa F, Osazuwa E, Osime C, Igharo EA, Imade PE, Lofor P, et al. Aetiologic agents of otitis media in Benin City, Nigeria. Am J Med Sci 2011;3:95-98.

Article from a website:

Barbara G. Workshop on Writing and Publishing. Journal Articles. Capital Medical University. 2017. Retrieved on 13th September, 2017  from…/core_slide

List all authors or editors when six or fewer. When seven or more, list the first six and add et al.

Barrow GI, Feltham RKA. Cowan and Steel’s Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria.1993; 3rd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Pp:156.

Cheesbrough M. Medical Laboratory Manual for Tropical Countries Vol. II Microbiology. Revised Reprint. 1989. Elsevier Health Sciences, London. Pp: 160-171.

Clinical and Laboratory standards institute (CLSI). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. CLSI Approved Standard M100-S15. 2013. Wayen, USA.

Bluestone CD, Klein JO. Microbiology. In: Bluestone CD, Klein JO, eds. Otitis media in infants and children. 2001; 3rd Ed. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp79-1014.

It is the responsibility of authors to ensure the accuracy of cited references.

Preparation of Figures and Tables

Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures and tables in the manuscript. Figures and tables should not be submitted in separate files but should be situated consecutively at the exact locations where they are expected to be in the body of the manuscript. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.

Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading.

Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest (COIs, also known as ‘competing interests’) occur when issues outside research could be reasonably perceived to affect the neutrality or objectivity of the work or its assessment. Authors are expected to declare all potential interests in “Cover letter” “Title page” and in “Acknowledgment” section of the manuscript. If there are none, the authors should state “The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.” Submitting authors are responsible for co-authors declaring their interests. Declared conflicts of interest will be considered by the editor and reviewers and included in the published article.

Authors must declare current or recent funding (including for article processing charges) and other payments, goods or services that might influence the work. The involvement of anyone other than the authors who 1) has an interest in the outcome of the work; 2) is affiliated to an organization with such an interest; or 3) was employed or paid by a funder, in the commissioning, conception, planning, design, conduct, or analysis of the work, the preparation or editing of the manuscript, or the decision to publish must be declared.

Clinical Study

When reporting the results of clinical studies, Archives of Medicine and Health Review complies with the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) on trials registration. Therefore, authors are requested to register the clinical trial presented in the manuscript in a public trials registry and include the trial registration number at the end of the abstract.

Ethical Guidelines

All submitted manuscripts must have been conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (1964). When study carries a risk of harm to human subjects, a statement that the study was conducted with the human subjects’ understanding and consent, as well as a statement that the responsible Ethical Committee has approved the experiments are required. All articles dealing with original human or animal data must include a statement on ethics approval at the beginning of the “Materials and Methods” section.  For experiments involving animals, authors must state the care of animal and licensing guidelines under which the study was performed and report these in accordance with the ARRIVE (Animals in Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments) statement. In studies that use retrospective laboratory or clinical data where ethics clearance was not necessary, authors should indicate clearly. At any time during the review process, editors may request for evidence of ethical approval. If you have approval from a National Drug Agency (or similar) please state this and provide details, this can be particularly useful when discussing the use of unlicensed drugs.

Authorship criteria

Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to each of the three components mentioned below:

  1. Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data;
  2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.

Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors.

Authors’ contribution details

Contributors should provide a description of contributions made by each of them towards the manuscript. Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable: concept, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review. Authors’ contributions will be printed along with the article.


Footnotes are only allowed on the title page and in tables, but not within the text. Footnote symbols should be used in the following order, horizontally and/or vertically; *,†,‡,§,¶; **,††,‡‡,§§,¶¶; **,†††,‡‡‡,§§§,¶¶¶. etc. Numbers or letters are not acceptable.
Legend for Figures.

Type each legend for illustrations double spaced, starting on a separate sheet, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the figures. This should start with a short title, followed by a short, cryptic description of the legend. All abbreviations and symbols should be explained in the legend. Magnification and stain for any microphotograph should be given at the end of the legend for the figure, where appropriate.

Types of Manuscripts and acceptable word counts:


Original research should concern itself with aetiology, pathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis, management and prevention of diseases in Clinical Sciences. Animal research contributions which impact on human health care are equally welcome in this section. This type of text should have a maximum of 2,500 words and a maximum of eight tables and 4 Figures.


Examples of these include unique short reports, case reports and picture stories, current practice, clinical experiences, reports of adverse drug effects, and short reports of original research. The text should not exceed 1,000 words, two figures or tables and fifteen references.


Important innovations in medical education and continuing professional improvement are welcome. Text length should not exceed 5,000 words.


A systematic review paper, as defined by The Cochrane Collaboration, is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses explicit, systematic methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review. These reviews differ substantially from narrative-based reviews or synthesis articles. Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyze and summarize the results of the included studies.

Reports of systematic reviews and meta-analyses must include a completed PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) checklist and flow diagram to accompany the main text.

Authors must also state in their “Methods” section whether a protocol exists for their systematic review, and if so, provide a copy of the protocol as supporting information and provide the registry number in the abstract.

If your article is a systematic review or a meta-analysis you should:

  • State this in your cover letter
  • Include the PRISMA flow diagram as Fig 1 (required where applicable)
  • Include the PRISMA checklist as supporting information

Maximum length should be 5,000 words and should contain subheadings (maximum three subheads).


The text should not exceed 5,000 words and should be edited before submission. Proceedings of grand rounds are also welcome in this section.


Editorials and commentaries are normally commissioned. However, unsolicited ones are welcome and subject to routine assessment. The theme should be topical or on papers published in the journal. Maximum length, 1,000 words and no more than 20 references.


Letters to the Editor should contain a maximum of 600 words, five references and two illustrations or tables. Letters may be on matters concerning clinical observations, other matters of clinical relevance or reactions to articles published in the journal.

Qualitative research

Qualitative research studies should be reported in accordance with the Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ) checklist. Further reporting guidelines can be found in the Equator Network’s Guidelines for reporting qualitative research.


These include book reviews and socio-political issues related to medicine and personal opinion (maximum 2,000 words).

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines of the journal.



The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.


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